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-rw-r--r--lua-5.3.5/lcode.c1203
1 files changed, 1203 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/lua-5.3.5/lcode.c b/lua-5.3.5/lcode.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..12619f5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lua-5.3.5/lcode.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1203 @@
+/*
+** $Id: lcode.c,v 2.112.1.1 2017/04/19 17:20:42 roberto Exp $
+** Code generator for Lua
+** See Copyright Notice in lua.h
+*/
+
+#define lcode_c
+#define LUA_CORE
+
+#include "lprefix.h"
+
+
+#include <math.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+#include "lua.h"
+
+#include "lcode.h"
+#include "ldebug.h"
+#include "ldo.h"
+#include "lgc.h"
+#include "llex.h"
+#include "lmem.h"
+#include "lobject.h"
+#include "lopcodes.h"
+#include "lparser.h"
+#include "lstring.h"
+#include "ltable.h"
+#include "lvm.h"
+
+
+/* Maximum number of registers in a Lua function (must fit in 8 bits) */
+#define MAXREGS 255
+
+
+#define hasjumps(e) ((e)->t != (e)->f)
+
+
+/*
+** If expression is a numeric constant, fills 'v' with its value
+** and returns 1. Otherwise, returns 0.
+*/
+static int tonumeral(const expdesc *e, TValue *v) {
+ if (hasjumps(e))
+ return 0; /* not a numeral */
+ switch (e->k) {
+ case VKINT:
+ if (v) setivalue(v, e->u.ival);
+ return 1;
+ case VKFLT:
+ if (v) setfltvalue(v, e->u.nval);
+ return 1;
+ default: return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Create a OP_LOADNIL instruction, but try to optimize: if the previous
+** instruction is also OP_LOADNIL and ranges are compatible, adjust
+** range of previous instruction instead of emitting a new one. (For
+** instance, 'local a; local b' will generate a single opcode.)
+*/
+void luaK_nil (FuncState *fs, int from, int n) {
+ Instruction *previous;
+ int l = from + n - 1; /* last register to set nil */
+ if (fs->pc > fs->lasttarget) { /* no jumps to current position? */
+ previous = &fs->f->code[fs->pc-1];
+ if (GET_OPCODE(*previous) == OP_LOADNIL) { /* previous is LOADNIL? */
+ int pfrom = GETARG_A(*previous); /* get previous range */
+ int pl = pfrom + GETARG_B(*previous);
+ if ((pfrom <= from && from <= pl + 1) ||
+ (from <= pfrom && pfrom <= l + 1)) { /* can connect both? */
+ if (pfrom < from) from = pfrom; /* from = min(from, pfrom) */
+ if (pl > l) l = pl; /* l = max(l, pl) */
+ SETARG_A(*previous, from);
+ SETARG_B(*previous, l - from);
+ return;
+ }
+ } /* else go through */
+ }
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_LOADNIL, from, n - 1, 0); /* else no optimization */
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Gets the destination address of a jump instruction. Used to traverse
+** a list of jumps.
+*/
+static int getjump (FuncState *fs, int pc) {
+ int offset = GETARG_sBx(fs->f->code[pc]);
+ if (offset == NO_JUMP) /* point to itself represents end of list */
+ return NO_JUMP; /* end of list */
+ else
+ return (pc+1)+offset; /* turn offset into absolute position */
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Fix jump instruction at position 'pc' to jump to 'dest'.
+** (Jump addresses are relative in Lua)
+*/
+static void fixjump (FuncState *fs, int pc, int dest) {
+ Instruction *jmp = &fs->f->code[pc];
+ int offset = dest - (pc + 1);
+ lua_assert(dest != NO_JUMP);
+ if (abs(offset) > MAXARG_sBx)
+ luaX_syntaxerror(fs->ls, "control structure too long");
+ SETARG_sBx(*jmp, offset);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Concatenate jump-list 'l2' into jump-list 'l1'
+*/
+void luaK_concat (FuncState *fs, int *l1, int l2) {
+ if (l2 == NO_JUMP) return; /* nothing to concatenate? */
+ else if (*l1 == NO_JUMP) /* no original list? */
+ *l1 = l2; /* 'l1' points to 'l2' */
+ else {
+ int list = *l1;
+ int next;
+ while ((next = getjump(fs, list)) != NO_JUMP) /* find last element */
+ list = next;
+ fixjump(fs, list, l2); /* last element links to 'l2' */
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Create a jump instruction and return its position, so its destination
+** can be fixed later (with 'fixjump'). If there are jumps to
+** this position (kept in 'jpc'), link them all together so that
+** 'patchlistaux' will fix all them directly to the final destination.
+*/
+int luaK_jump (FuncState *fs) {
+ int jpc = fs->jpc; /* save list of jumps to here */
+ int j;
+ fs->jpc = NO_JUMP; /* no more jumps to here */
+ j = luaK_codeAsBx(fs, OP_JMP, 0, NO_JUMP);
+ luaK_concat(fs, &j, jpc); /* keep them on hold */
+ return j;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Code a 'return' instruction
+*/
+void luaK_ret (FuncState *fs, int first, int nret) {
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_RETURN, first, nret+1, 0);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Code a "conditional jump", that is, a test or comparison opcode
+** followed by a jump. Return jump position.
+*/
+static int condjump (FuncState *fs, OpCode op, int A, int B, int C) {
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, op, A, B, C);
+ return luaK_jump(fs);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** returns current 'pc' and marks it as a jump target (to avoid wrong
+** optimizations with consecutive instructions not in the same basic block).
+*/
+int luaK_getlabel (FuncState *fs) {
+ fs->lasttarget = fs->pc;
+ return fs->pc;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Returns the position of the instruction "controlling" a given
+** jump (that is, its condition), or the jump itself if it is
+** unconditional.
+*/
+static Instruction *getjumpcontrol (FuncState *fs, int pc) {
+ Instruction *pi = &fs->f->code[pc];
+ if (pc >= 1 && testTMode(GET_OPCODE(*(pi-1))))
+ return pi-1;
+ else
+ return pi;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Patch destination register for a TESTSET instruction.
+** If instruction in position 'node' is not a TESTSET, return 0 ("fails").
+** Otherwise, if 'reg' is not 'NO_REG', set it as the destination
+** register. Otherwise, change instruction to a simple 'TEST' (produces
+** no register value)
+*/
+static int patchtestreg (FuncState *fs, int node, int reg) {
+ Instruction *i = getjumpcontrol(fs, node);
+ if (GET_OPCODE(*i) != OP_TESTSET)
+ return 0; /* cannot patch other instructions */
+ if (reg != NO_REG && reg != GETARG_B(*i))
+ SETARG_A(*i, reg);
+ else {
+ /* no register to put value or register already has the value;
+ change instruction to simple test */
+ *i = CREATE_ABC(OP_TEST, GETARG_B(*i), 0, GETARG_C(*i));
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Traverse a list of tests ensuring no one produces a value
+*/
+static void removevalues (FuncState *fs, int list) {
+ for (; list != NO_JUMP; list = getjump(fs, list))
+ patchtestreg(fs, list, NO_REG);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Traverse a list of tests, patching their destination address and
+** registers: tests producing values jump to 'vtarget' (and put their
+** values in 'reg'), other tests jump to 'dtarget'.
+*/
+static void patchlistaux (FuncState *fs, int list, int vtarget, int reg,
+ int dtarget) {
+ while (list != NO_JUMP) {
+ int next = getjump(fs, list);
+ if (patchtestreg(fs, list, reg))
+ fixjump(fs, list, vtarget);
+ else
+ fixjump(fs, list, dtarget); /* jump to default target */
+ list = next;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensure all pending jumps to current position are fixed (jumping
+** to current position with no values) and reset list of pending
+** jumps
+*/
+static void dischargejpc (FuncState *fs) {
+ patchlistaux(fs, fs->jpc, fs->pc, NO_REG, fs->pc);
+ fs->jpc = NO_JUMP;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Add elements in 'list' to list of pending jumps to "here"
+** (current position)
+*/
+void luaK_patchtohere (FuncState *fs, int list) {
+ luaK_getlabel(fs); /* mark "here" as a jump target */
+ luaK_concat(fs, &fs->jpc, list);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Path all jumps in 'list' to jump to 'target'.
+** (The assert means that we cannot fix a jump to a forward address
+** because we only know addresses once code is generated.)
+*/
+void luaK_patchlist (FuncState *fs, int list, int target) {
+ if (target == fs->pc) /* 'target' is current position? */
+ luaK_patchtohere(fs, list); /* add list to pending jumps */
+ else {
+ lua_assert(target < fs->pc);
+ patchlistaux(fs, list, target, NO_REG, target);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Path all jumps in 'list' to close upvalues up to given 'level'
+** (The assertion checks that jumps either were closing nothing
+** or were closing higher levels, from inner blocks.)
+*/
+void luaK_patchclose (FuncState *fs, int list, int level) {
+ level++; /* argument is +1 to reserve 0 as non-op */
+ for (; list != NO_JUMP; list = getjump(fs, list)) {
+ lua_assert(GET_OPCODE(fs->f->code[list]) == OP_JMP &&
+ (GETARG_A(fs->f->code[list]) == 0 ||
+ GETARG_A(fs->f->code[list]) >= level));
+ SETARG_A(fs->f->code[list], level);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit instruction 'i', checking for array sizes and saving also its
+** line information. Return 'i' position.
+*/
+static int luaK_code (FuncState *fs, Instruction i) {
+ Proto *f = fs->f;
+ dischargejpc(fs); /* 'pc' will change */
+ /* put new instruction in code array */
+ luaM_growvector(fs->ls->L, f->code, fs->pc, f->sizecode, Instruction,
+ MAX_INT, "opcodes");
+ f->code[fs->pc] = i;
+ /* save corresponding line information */
+ luaM_growvector(fs->ls->L, f->lineinfo, fs->pc, f->sizelineinfo, int,
+ MAX_INT, "opcodes");
+ f->lineinfo[fs->pc] = fs->ls->lastline;
+ return fs->pc++;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Format and emit an 'iABC' instruction. (Assertions check consistency
+** of parameters versus opcode.)
+*/
+int luaK_codeABC (FuncState *fs, OpCode o, int a, int b, int c) {
+ lua_assert(getOpMode(o) == iABC);
+ lua_assert(getBMode(o) != OpArgN || b == 0);
+ lua_assert(getCMode(o) != OpArgN || c == 0);
+ lua_assert(a <= MAXARG_A && b <= MAXARG_B && c <= MAXARG_C);
+ return luaK_code(fs, CREATE_ABC(o, a, b, c));
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Format and emit an 'iABx' instruction.
+*/
+int luaK_codeABx (FuncState *fs, OpCode o, int a, unsigned int bc) {
+ lua_assert(getOpMode(o) == iABx || getOpMode(o) == iAsBx);
+ lua_assert(getCMode(o) == OpArgN);
+ lua_assert(a <= MAXARG_A && bc <= MAXARG_Bx);
+ return luaK_code(fs, CREATE_ABx(o, a, bc));
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit an "extra argument" instruction (format 'iAx')
+*/
+static int codeextraarg (FuncState *fs, int a) {
+ lua_assert(a <= MAXARG_Ax);
+ return luaK_code(fs, CREATE_Ax(OP_EXTRAARG, a));
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit a "load constant" instruction, using either 'OP_LOADK'
+** (if constant index 'k' fits in 18 bits) or an 'OP_LOADKX'
+** instruction with "extra argument".
+*/
+int luaK_codek (FuncState *fs, int reg, int k) {
+ if (k <= MAXARG_Bx)
+ return luaK_codeABx(fs, OP_LOADK, reg, k);
+ else {
+ int p = luaK_codeABx(fs, OP_LOADKX, reg, 0);
+ codeextraarg(fs, k);
+ return p;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Check register-stack level, keeping track of its maximum size
+** in field 'maxstacksize'
+*/
+void luaK_checkstack (FuncState *fs, int n) {
+ int newstack = fs->freereg + n;
+ if (newstack > fs->f->maxstacksize) {
+ if (newstack >= MAXREGS)
+ luaX_syntaxerror(fs->ls,
+ "function or expression needs too many registers");
+ fs->f->maxstacksize = cast_byte(newstack);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Reserve 'n' registers in register stack
+*/
+void luaK_reserveregs (FuncState *fs, int n) {
+ luaK_checkstack(fs, n);
+ fs->freereg += n;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Free register 'reg', if it is neither a constant index nor
+** a local variable.
+)
+*/
+static void freereg (FuncState *fs, int reg) {
+ if (!ISK(reg) && reg >= fs->nactvar) {
+ fs->freereg--;
+ lua_assert(reg == fs->freereg);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Free register used by expression 'e' (if any)
+*/
+static void freeexp (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ if (e->k == VNONRELOC)
+ freereg(fs, e->u.info);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Free registers used by expressions 'e1' and 'e2' (if any) in proper
+** order.
+*/
+static void freeexps (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e1, expdesc *e2) {
+ int r1 = (e1->k == VNONRELOC) ? e1->u.info : -1;
+ int r2 = (e2->k == VNONRELOC) ? e2->u.info : -1;
+ if (r1 > r2) {
+ freereg(fs, r1);
+ freereg(fs, r2);
+ }
+ else {
+ freereg(fs, r2);
+ freereg(fs, r1);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Add constant 'v' to prototype's list of constants (field 'k').
+** Use scanner's table to cache position of constants in constant list
+** and try to reuse constants. Because some values should not be used
+** as keys (nil cannot be a key, integer keys can collapse with float
+** keys), the caller must provide a useful 'key' for indexing the cache.
+*/
+static int addk (FuncState *fs, TValue *key, TValue *v) {
+ lua_State *L = fs->ls->L;
+ Proto *f = fs->f;
+ TValue *idx = luaH_set(L, fs->ls->h, key); /* index scanner table */
+ int k, oldsize;
+ if (ttisinteger(idx)) { /* is there an index there? */
+ k = cast_int(ivalue(idx));
+ /* correct value? (warning: must distinguish floats from integers!) */
+ if (k < fs->nk && ttype(&f->k[k]) == ttype(v) &&
+ luaV_rawequalobj(&f->k[k], v))
+ return k; /* reuse index */
+ }
+ /* constant not found; create a new entry */
+ oldsize = f->sizek;
+ k = fs->nk;
+ /* numerical value does not need GC barrier;
+ table has no metatable, so it does not need to invalidate cache */
+ setivalue(idx, k);
+ luaM_growvector(L, f->k, k, f->sizek, TValue, MAXARG_Ax, "constants");
+ while (oldsize < f->sizek) setnilvalue(&f->k[oldsize++]);
+ setobj(L, &f->k[k], v);
+ fs->nk++;
+ luaC_barrier(L, f, v);
+ return k;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Add a string to list of constants and return its index.
+*/
+int luaK_stringK (FuncState *fs, TString *s) {
+ TValue o;
+ setsvalue(fs->ls->L, &o, s);
+ return addk(fs, &o, &o); /* use string itself as key */
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Add an integer to list of constants and return its index.
+** Integers use userdata as keys to avoid collision with floats with
+** same value; conversion to 'void*' is used only for hashing, so there
+** are no "precision" problems.
+*/
+int luaK_intK (FuncState *fs, lua_Integer n) {
+ TValue k, o;
+ setpvalue(&k, cast(void*, cast(size_t, n)));
+ setivalue(&o, n);
+ return addk(fs, &k, &o);
+}
+
+/*
+** Add a float to list of constants and return its index.
+*/
+static int luaK_numberK (FuncState *fs, lua_Number r) {
+ TValue o;
+ setfltvalue(&o, r);
+ return addk(fs, &o, &o); /* use number itself as key */
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Add a boolean to list of constants and return its index.
+*/
+static int boolK (FuncState *fs, int b) {
+ TValue o;
+ setbvalue(&o, b);
+ return addk(fs, &o, &o); /* use boolean itself as key */
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Add nil to list of constants and return its index.
+*/
+static int nilK (FuncState *fs) {
+ TValue k, v;
+ setnilvalue(&v);
+ /* cannot use nil as key; instead use table itself to represent nil */
+ sethvalue(fs->ls->L, &k, fs->ls->h);
+ return addk(fs, &k, &v);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Fix an expression to return the number of results 'nresults'.
+** Either 'e' is a multi-ret expression (function call or vararg)
+** or 'nresults' is LUA_MULTRET (as any expression can satisfy that).
+*/
+void luaK_setreturns (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e, int nresults) {
+ if (e->k == VCALL) { /* expression is an open function call? */
+ SETARG_C(getinstruction(fs, e), nresults + 1);
+ }
+ else if (e->k == VVARARG) {
+ Instruction *pc = &getinstruction(fs, e);
+ SETARG_B(*pc, nresults + 1);
+ SETARG_A(*pc, fs->freereg);
+ luaK_reserveregs(fs, 1);
+ }
+ else lua_assert(nresults == LUA_MULTRET);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Fix an expression to return one result.
+** If expression is not a multi-ret expression (function call or
+** vararg), it already returns one result, so nothing needs to be done.
+** Function calls become VNONRELOC expressions (as its result comes
+** fixed in the base register of the call), while vararg expressions
+** become VRELOCABLE (as OP_VARARG puts its results where it wants).
+** (Calls are created returning one result, so that does not need
+** to be fixed.)
+*/
+void luaK_setoneret (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ if (e->k == VCALL) { /* expression is an open function call? */
+ /* already returns 1 value */
+ lua_assert(GETARG_C(getinstruction(fs, e)) == 2);
+ e->k = VNONRELOC; /* result has fixed position */
+ e->u.info = GETARG_A(getinstruction(fs, e));
+ }
+ else if (e->k == VVARARG) {
+ SETARG_B(getinstruction(fs, e), 2);
+ e->k = VRELOCABLE; /* can relocate its simple result */
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensure that expression 'e' is not a variable.
+*/
+void luaK_dischargevars (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ switch (e->k) {
+ case VLOCAL: { /* already in a register */
+ e->k = VNONRELOC; /* becomes a non-relocatable value */
+ break;
+ }
+ case VUPVAL: { /* move value to some (pending) register */
+ e->u.info = luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_GETUPVAL, 0, e->u.info, 0);
+ e->k = VRELOCABLE;
+ break;
+ }
+ case VINDEXED: {
+ OpCode op;
+ freereg(fs, e->u.ind.idx);
+ if (e->u.ind.vt == VLOCAL) { /* is 't' in a register? */
+ freereg(fs, e->u.ind.t);
+ op = OP_GETTABLE;
+ }
+ else {
+ lua_assert(e->u.ind.vt == VUPVAL);
+ op = OP_GETTABUP; /* 't' is in an upvalue */
+ }
+ e->u.info = luaK_codeABC(fs, op, 0, e->u.ind.t, e->u.ind.idx);
+ e->k = VRELOCABLE;
+ break;
+ }
+ case VVARARG: case VCALL: {
+ luaK_setoneret(fs, e);
+ break;
+ }
+ default: break; /* there is one value available (somewhere) */
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures expression value is in register 'reg' (and therefore
+** 'e' will become a non-relocatable expression).
+*/
+static void discharge2reg (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e, int reg) {
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e);
+ switch (e->k) {
+ case VNIL: {
+ luaK_nil(fs, reg, 1);
+ break;
+ }
+ case VFALSE: case VTRUE: {
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_LOADBOOL, reg, e->k == VTRUE, 0);
+ break;
+ }
+ case VK: {
+ luaK_codek(fs, reg, e->u.info);
+ break;
+ }
+ case VKFLT: {
+ luaK_codek(fs, reg, luaK_numberK(fs, e->u.nval));
+ break;
+ }
+ case VKINT: {
+ luaK_codek(fs, reg, luaK_intK(fs, e->u.ival));
+ break;
+ }
+ case VRELOCABLE: {
+ Instruction *pc = &getinstruction(fs, e);
+ SETARG_A(*pc, reg); /* instruction will put result in 'reg' */
+ break;
+ }
+ case VNONRELOC: {
+ if (reg != e->u.info)
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_MOVE, reg, e->u.info, 0);
+ break;
+ }
+ default: {
+ lua_assert(e->k == VJMP);
+ return; /* nothing to do... */
+ }
+ }
+ e->u.info = reg;
+ e->k = VNONRELOC;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures expression value is in any register.
+*/
+static void discharge2anyreg (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ if (e->k != VNONRELOC) { /* no fixed register yet? */
+ luaK_reserveregs(fs, 1); /* get a register */
+ discharge2reg(fs, e, fs->freereg-1); /* put value there */
+ }
+}
+
+
+static int code_loadbool (FuncState *fs, int A, int b, int jump) {
+ luaK_getlabel(fs); /* those instructions may be jump targets */
+ return luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_LOADBOOL, A, b, jump);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** check whether list has any jump that do not produce a value
+** or produce an inverted value
+*/
+static int need_value (FuncState *fs, int list) {
+ for (; list != NO_JUMP; list = getjump(fs, list)) {
+ Instruction i = *getjumpcontrol(fs, list);
+ if (GET_OPCODE(i) != OP_TESTSET) return 1;
+ }
+ return 0; /* not found */
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures final expression result (including results from its jump
+** lists) is in register 'reg'.
+** If expression has jumps, need to patch these jumps either to
+** its final position or to "load" instructions (for those tests
+** that do not produce values).
+*/
+static void exp2reg (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e, int reg) {
+ discharge2reg(fs, e, reg);
+ if (e->k == VJMP) /* expression itself is a test? */
+ luaK_concat(fs, &e->t, e->u.info); /* put this jump in 't' list */
+ if (hasjumps(e)) {
+ int final; /* position after whole expression */
+ int p_f = NO_JUMP; /* position of an eventual LOAD false */
+ int p_t = NO_JUMP; /* position of an eventual LOAD true */
+ if (need_value(fs, e->t) || need_value(fs, e->f)) {
+ int fj = (e->k == VJMP) ? NO_JUMP : luaK_jump(fs);
+ p_f = code_loadbool(fs, reg, 0, 1);
+ p_t = code_loadbool(fs, reg, 1, 0);
+ luaK_patchtohere(fs, fj);
+ }
+ final = luaK_getlabel(fs);
+ patchlistaux(fs, e->f, final, reg, p_f);
+ patchlistaux(fs, e->t, final, reg, p_t);
+ }
+ e->f = e->t = NO_JUMP;
+ e->u.info = reg;
+ e->k = VNONRELOC;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures final expression result (including results from its jump
+** lists) is in next available register.
+*/
+void luaK_exp2nextreg (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e);
+ freeexp(fs, e);
+ luaK_reserveregs(fs, 1);
+ exp2reg(fs, e, fs->freereg - 1);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures final expression result (including results from its jump
+** lists) is in some (any) register and return that register.
+*/
+int luaK_exp2anyreg (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e);
+ if (e->k == VNONRELOC) { /* expression already has a register? */
+ if (!hasjumps(e)) /* no jumps? */
+ return e->u.info; /* result is already in a register */
+ if (e->u.info >= fs->nactvar) { /* reg. is not a local? */
+ exp2reg(fs, e, e->u.info); /* put final result in it */
+ return e->u.info;
+ }
+ }
+ luaK_exp2nextreg(fs, e); /* otherwise, use next available register */
+ return e->u.info;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures final expression result is either in a register or in an
+** upvalue.
+*/
+void luaK_exp2anyregup (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ if (e->k != VUPVAL || hasjumps(e))
+ luaK_exp2anyreg(fs, e);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures final expression result is either in a register or it is
+** a constant.
+*/
+void luaK_exp2val (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ if (hasjumps(e))
+ luaK_exp2anyreg(fs, e);
+ else
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Ensures final expression result is in a valid R/K index
+** (that is, it is either in a register or in 'k' with an index
+** in the range of R/K indices).
+** Returns R/K index.
+*/
+int luaK_exp2RK (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ luaK_exp2val(fs, e);
+ switch (e->k) { /* move constants to 'k' */
+ case VTRUE: e->u.info = boolK(fs, 1); goto vk;
+ case VFALSE: e->u.info = boolK(fs, 0); goto vk;
+ case VNIL: e->u.info = nilK(fs); goto vk;
+ case VKINT: e->u.info = luaK_intK(fs, e->u.ival); goto vk;
+ case VKFLT: e->u.info = luaK_numberK(fs, e->u.nval); goto vk;
+ case VK:
+ vk:
+ e->k = VK;
+ if (e->u.info <= MAXINDEXRK) /* constant fits in 'argC'? */
+ return RKASK(e->u.info);
+ else break;
+ default: break;
+ }
+ /* not a constant in the right range: put it in a register */
+ return luaK_exp2anyreg(fs, e);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Generate code to store result of expression 'ex' into variable 'var'.
+*/
+void luaK_storevar (FuncState *fs, expdesc *var, expdesc *ex) {
+ switch (var->k) {
+ case VLOCAL: {
+ freeexp(fs, ex);
+ exp2reg(fs, ex, var->u.info); /* compute 'ex' into proper place */
+ return;
+ }
+ case VUPVAL: {
+ int e = luaK_exp2anyreg(fs, ex);
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_SETUPVAL, e, var->u.info, 0);
+ break;
+ }
+ case VINDEXED: {
+ OpCode op = (var->u.ind.vt == VLOCAL) ? OP_SETTABLE : OP_SETTABUP;
+ int e = luaK_exp2RK(fs, ex);
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, op, var->u.ind.t, var->u.ind.idx, e);
+ break;
+ }
+ default: lua_assert(0); /* invalid var kind to store */
+ }
+ freeexp(fs, ex);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit SELF instruction (convert expression 'e' into 'e:key(e,').
+*/
+void luaK_self (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e, expdesc *key) {
+ int ereg;
+ luaK_exp2anyreg(fs, e);
+ ereg = e->u.info; /* register where 'e' was placed */
+ freeexp(fs, e);
+ e->u.info = fs->freereg; /* base register for op_self */
+ e->k = VNONRELOC; /* self expression has a fixed register */
+ luaK_reserveregs(fs, 2); /* function and 'self' produced by op_self */
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_SELF, e->u.info, ereg, luaK_exp2RK(fs, key));
+ freeexp(fs, key);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Negate condition 'e' (where 'e' is a comparison).
+*/
+static void negatecondition (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ Instruction *pc = getjumpcontrol(fs, e->u.info);
+ lua_assert(testTMode(GET_OPCODE(*pc)) && GET_OPCODE(*pc) != OP_TESTSET &&
+ GET_OPCODE(*pc) != OP_TEST);
+ SETARG_A(*pc, !(GETARG_A(*pc)));
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit instruction to jump if 'e' is 'cond' (that is, if 'cond'
+** is true, code will jump if 'e' is true.) Return jump position.
+** Optimize when 'e' is 'not' something, inverting the condition
+** and removing the 'not'.
+*/
+static int jumponcond (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e, int cond) {
+ if (e->k == VRELOCABLE) {
+ Instruction ie = getinstruction(fs, e);
+ if (GET_OPCODE(ie) == OP_NOT) {
+ fs->pc--; /* remove previous OP_NOT */
+ return condjump(fs, OP_TEST, GETARG_B(ie), 0, !cond);
+ }
+ /* else go through */
+ }
+ discharge2anyreg(fs, e);
+ freeexp(fs, e);
+ return condjump(fs, OP_TESTSET, NO_REG, e->u.info, cond);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit code to go through if 'e' is true, jump otherwise.
+*/
+void luaK_goiftrue (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ int pc; /* pc of new jump */
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e);
+ switch (e->k) {
+ case VJMP: { /* condition? */
+ negatecondition(fs, e); /* jump when it is false */
+ pc = e->u.info; /* save jump position */
+ break;
+ }
+ case VK: case VKFLT: case VKINT: case VTRUE: {
+ pc = NO_JUMP; /* always true; do nothing */
+ break;
+ }
+ default: {
+ pc = jumponcond(fs, e, 0); /* jump when false */
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ luaK_concat(fs, &e->f, pc); /* insert new jump in false list */
+ luaK_patchtohere(fs, e->t); /* true list jumps to here (to go through) */
+ e->t = NO_JUMP;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit code to go through if 'e' is false, jump otherwise.
+*/
+void luaK_goiffalse (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ int pc; /* pc of new jump */
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e);
+ switch (e->k) {
+ case VJMP: {
+ pc = e->u.info; /* already jump if true */
+ break;
+ }
+ case VNIL: case VFALSE: {
+ pc = NO_JUMP; /* always false; do nothing */
+ break;
+ }
+ default: {
+ pc = jumponcond(fs, e, 1); /* jump if true */
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ luaK_concat(fs, &e->t, pc); /* insert new jump in 't' list */
+ luaK_patchtohere(fs, e->f); /* false list jumps to here (to go through) */
+ e->f = NO_JUMP;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Code 'not e', doing constant folding.
+*/
+static void codenot (FuncState *fs, expdesc *e) {
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e);
+ switch (e->k) {
+ case VNIL: case VFALSE: {
+ e->k = VTRUE; /* true == not nil == not false */
+ break;
+ }
+ case VK: case VKFLT: case VKINT: case VTRUE: {
+ e->k = VFALSE; /* false == not "x" == not 0.5 == not 1 == not true */
+ break;
+ }
+ case VJMP: {
+ negatecondition(fs, e);
+ break;
+ }
+ case VRELOCABLE:
+ case VNONRELOC: {
+ discharge2anyreg(fs, e);
+ freeexp(fs, e);
+ e->u.info = luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_NOT, 0, e->u.info, 0);
+ e->k = VRELOCABLE;
+ break;
+ }
+ default: lua_assert(0); /* cannot happen */
+ }
+ /* interchange true and false lists */
+ { int temp = e->f; e->f = e->t; e->t = temp; }
+ removevalues(fs, e->f); /* values are useless when negated */
+ removevalues(fs, e->t);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Create expression 't[k]'. 't' must have its final result already in a
+** register or upvalue.
+*/
+void luaK_indexed (FuncState *fs, expdesc *t, expdesc *k) {
+ lua_assert(!hasjumps(t) && (vkisinreg(t->k) || t->k == VUPVAL));
+ t->u.ind.t = t->u.info; /* register or upvalue index */
+ t->u.ind.idx = luaK_exp2RK(fs, k); /* R/K index for key */
+ t->u.ind.vt = (t->k == VUPVAL) ? VUPVAL : VLOCAL;
+ t->k = VINDEXED;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Return false if folding can raise an error.
+** Bitwise operations need operands convertible to integers; division
+** operations cannot have 0 as divisor.
+*/
+static int validop (int op, TValue *v1, TValue *v2) {
+ switch (op) {
+ case LUA_OPBAND: case LUA_OPBOR: case LUA_OPBXOR:
+ case LUA_OPSHL: case LUA_OPSHR: case LUA_OPBNOT: { /* conversion errors */
+ lua_Integer i;
+ return (tointeger(v1, &i) && tointeger(v2, &i));
+ }
+ case LUA_OPDIV: case LUA_OPIDIV: case LUA_OPMOD: /* division by 0 */
+ return (nvalue(v2) != 0);
+ default: return 1; /* everything else is valid */
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Try to "constant-fold" an operation; return 1 iff successful.
+** (In this case, 'e1' has the final result.)
+*/
+static int constfolding (FuncState *fs, int op, expdesc *e1,
+ const expdesc *e2) {
+ TValue v1, v2, res;
+ if (!tonumeral(e1, &v1) || !tonumeral(e2, &v2) || !validop(op, &v1, &v2))
+ return 0; /* non-numeric operands or not safe to fold */
+ luaO_arith(fs->ls->L, op, &v1, &v2, &res); /* does operation */
+ if (ttisinteger(&res)) {
+ e1->k = VKINT;
+ e1->u.ival = ivalue(&res);
+ }
+ else { /* folds neither NaN nor 0.0 (to avoid problems with -0.0) */
+ lua_Number n = fltvalue(&res);
+ if (luai_numisnan(n) || n == 0)
+ return 0;
+ e1->k = VKFLT;
+ e1->u.nval = n;
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit code for unary expressions that "produce values"
+** (everything but 'not').
+** Expression to produce final result will be encoded in 'e'.
+*/
+static void codeunexpval (FuncState *fs, OpCode op, expdesc *e, int line) {
+ int r = luaK_exp2anyreg(fs, e); /* opcodes operate only on registers */
+ freeexp(fs, e);
+ e->u.info = luaK_codeABC(fs, op, 0, r, 0); /* generate opcode */
+ e->k = VRELOCABLE; /* all those operations are relocatable */
+ luaK_fixline(fs, line);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit code for binary expressions that "produce values"
+** (everything but logical operators 'and'/'or' and comparison
+** operators).
+** Expression to produce final result will be encoded in 'e1'.
+** Because 'luaK_exp2RK' can free registers, its calls must be
+** in "stack order" (that is, first on 'e2', which may have more
+** recent registers to be released).
+*/
+static void codebinexpval (FuncState *fs, OpCode op,
+ expdesc *e1, expdesc *e2, int line) {
+ int rk2 = luaK_exp2RK(fs, e2); /* both operands are "RK" */
+ int rk1 = luaK_exp2RK(fs, e1);
+ freeexps(fs, e1, e2);
+ e1->u.info = luaK_codeABC(fs, op, 0, rk1, rk2); /* generate opcode */
+ e1->k = VRELOCABLE; /* all those operations are relocatable */
+ luaK_fixline(fs, line);
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit code for comparisons.
+** 'e1' was already put in R/K form by 'luaK_infix'.
+*/
+static void codecomp (FuncState *fs, BinOpr opr, expdesc *e1, expdesc *e2) {
+ int rk1 = (e1->k == VK) ? RKASK(e1->u.info)
+ : check_exp(e1->k == VNONRELOC, e1->u.info);
+ int rk2 = luaK_exp2RK(fs, e2);
+ freeexps(fs, e1, e2);
+ switch (opr) {
+ case OPR_NE: { /* '(a ~= b)' ==> 'not (a == b)' */
+ e1->u.info = condjump(fs, OP_EQ, 0, rk1, rk2);
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_GT: case OPR_GE: {
+ /* '(a > b)' ==> '(b < a)'; '(a >= b)' ==> '(b <= a)' */
+ OpCode op = cast(OpCode, (opr - OPR_NE) + OP_EQ);
+ e1->u.info = condjump(fs, op, 1, rk2, rk1); /* invert operands */
+ break;
+ }
+ default: { /* '==', '<', '<=' use their own opcodes */
+ OpCode op = cast(OpCode, (opr - OPR_EQ) + OP_EQ);
+ e1->u.info = condjump(fs, op, 1, rk1, rk2);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ e1->k = VJMP;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Aplly prefix operation 'op' to expression 'e'.
+*/
+void luaK_prefix (FuncState *fs, UnOpr op, expdesc *e, int line) {
+ static const expdesc ef = {VKINT, {0}, NO_JUMP, NO_JUMP};
+ switch (op) {
+ case OPR_MINUS: case OPR_BNOT: /* use 'ef' as fake 2nd operand */
+ if (constfolding(fs, op + LUA_OPUNM, e, &ef))
+ break;
+ /* FALLTHROUGH */
+ case OPR_LEN:
+ codeunexpval(fs, cast(OpCode, op + OP_UNM), e, line);
+ break;
+ case OPR_NOT: codenot(fs, e); break;
+ default: lua_assert(0);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Process 1st operand 'v' of binary operation 'op' before reading
+** 2nd operand.
+*/
+void luaK_infix (FuncState *fs, BinOpr op, expdesc *v) {
+ switch (op) {
+ case OPR_AND: {
+ luaK_goiftrue(fs, v); /* go ahead only if 'v' is true */
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_OR: {
+ luaK_goiffalse(fs, v); /* go ahead only if 'v' is false */
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_CONCAT: {
+ luaK_exp2nextreg(fs, v); /* operand must be on the 'stack' */
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_ADD: case OPR_SUB:
+ case OPR_MUL: case OPR_DIV: case OPR_IDIV:
+ case OPR_MOD: case OPR_POW:
+ case OPR_BAND: case OPR_BOR: case OPR_BXOR:
+ case OPR_SHL: case OPR_SHR: {
+ if (!tonumeral(v, NULL))
+ luaK_exp2RK(fs, v);
+ /* else keep numeral, which may be folded with 2nd operand */
+ break;
+ }
+ default: {
+ luaK_exp2RK(fs, v);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Finalize code for binary operation, after reading 2nd operand.
+** For '(a .. b .. c)' (which is '(a .. (b .. c))', because
+** concatenation is right associative), merge second CONCAT into first
+** one.
+*/
+void luaK_posfix (FuncState *fs, BinOpr op,
+ expdesc *e1, expdesc *e2, int line) {
+ switch (op) {
+ case OPR_AND: {
+ lua_assert(e1->t == NO_JUMP); /* list closed by 'luK_infix' */
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e2);
+ luaK_concat(fs, &e2->f, e1->f);
+ *e1 = *e2;
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_OR: {
+ lua_assert(e1->f == NO_JUMP); /* list closed by 'luK_infix' */
+ luaK_dischargevars(fs, e2);
+ luaK_concat(fs, &e2->t, e1->t);
+ *e1 = *e2;
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_CONCAT: {
+ luaK_exp2val(fs, e2);
+ if (e2->k == VRELOCABLE &&
+ GET_OPCODE(getinstruction(fs, e2)) == OP_CONCAT) {
+ lua_assert(e1->u.info == GETARG_B(getinstruction(fs, e2))-1);
+ freeexp(fs, e1);
+ SETARG_B(getinstruction(fs, e2), e1->u.info);
+ e1->k = VRELOCABLE; e1->u.info = e2->u.info;
+ }
+ else {
+ luaK_exp2nextreg(fs, e2); /* operand must be on the 'stack' */
+ codebinexpval(fs, OP_CONCAT, e1, e2, line);
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_ADD: case OPR_SUB: case OPR_MUL: case OPR_DIV:
+ case OPR_IDIV: case OPR_MOD: case OPR_POW:
+ case OPR_BAND: case OPR_BOR: case OPR_BXOR:
+ case OPR_SHL: case OPR_SHR: {
+ if (!constfolding(fs, op + LUA_OPADD, e1, e2))
+ codebinexpval(fs, cast(OpCode, op + OP_ADD), e1, e2, line);
+ break;
+ }
+ case OPR_EQ: case OPR_LT: case OPR_LE:
+ case OPR_NE: case OPR_GT: case OPR_GE: {
+ codecomp(fs, op, e1, e2);
+ break;
+ }
+ default: lua_assert(0);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Change line information associated with current position.
+*/
+void luaK_fixline (FuncState *fs, int line) {
+ fs->f->lineinfo[fs->pc - 1] = line;
+}
+
+
+/*
+** Emit a SETLIST instruction.
+** 'base' is register that keeps table;
+** 'nelems' is #table plus those to be stored now;
+** 'tostore' is number of values (in registers 'base + 1',...) to add to
+** table (or LUA_MULTRET to add up to stack top).
+*/
+void luaK_setlist (FuncState *fs, int base, int nelems, int tostore) {
+ int c = (nelems - 1)/LFIELDS_PER_FLUSH + 1;
+ int b = (tostore == LUA_MULTRET) ? 0 : tostore;
+ lua_assert(tostore != 0 && tostore <= LFIELDS_PER_FLUSH);
+ if (c <= MAXARG_C)
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_SETLIST, base, b, c);
+ else if (c <= MAXARG_Ax) {
+ luaK_codeABC(fs, OP_SETLIST, base, b, 0);
+ codeextraarg(fs, c);
+ }
+ else
+ luaX_syntaxerror(fs->ls, "constructor too long");
+ fs->freereg = base + 1; /* free registers with list values */
+}
+