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#!/usr/bin/env python
# encoding: utf-8
# Thomas Nagy, 2005-2018 (ita)

"""
Classes related to the build phase (build, clean, install, step, etc)

The inheritance tree is the following:

"""

import os, sys, errno, re, shutil, stat
try:
	import cPickle
except ImportError:
	import pickle as cPickle
from waflib import Node, Runner, TaskGen, Utils, ConfigSet, Task, Logs, Options, Context, Errors

CACHE_DIR = 'c4che'
"""Name of the cache directory"""

CACHE_SUFFIX = '_cache.py'
"""ConfigSet cache files for variants are written under :py:attr:´waflib.Build.CACHE_DIR´ in the form ´variant_name´_cache.py"""

INSTALL = 1337
"""Positive value '->' install, see :py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.is_install`"""

UNINSTALL = -1337
"""Negative value '<-' uninstall, see :py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.is_install`"""

SAVED_ATTRS = 'root node_sigs task_sigs imp_sigs raw_deps node_deps'.split()
"""Build class members to save between the runs; these should be all dicts
except for `root` which represents a :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node` instance
"""

CFG_FILES = 'cfg_files'
"""Files from the build directory to hash before starting the build (``config.h`` written during the configuration)"""

POST_AT_ONCE = 0
"""Post mode: all task generators are posted before any task executed"""

POST_LAZY = 1
"""Post mode: post the task generators group after group, the tasks in the next group are created when the tasks in the previous groups are done"""

PROTOCOL = -1
if sys.platform == 'cli':
	PROTOCOL = 0

class BuildContext(Context.Context):
	'''executes the build'''

	cmd = 'build'
	variant = ''

	def __init__(self, **kw):
		super(BuildContext, self).__init__(**kw)

		self.is_install = 0
		"""Non-zero value when installing or uninstalling file"""

		self.top_dir = kw.get('top_dir', Context.top_dir)
		"""See :py:attr:`waflib.Context.top_dir`; prefer :py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.srcnode`"""

		self.out_dir = kw.get('out_dir', Context.out_dir)
		"""See :py:attr:`waflib.Context.out_dir`; prefer :py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.bldnode`"""

		self.run_dir = kw.get('run_dir', Context.run_dir)
		"""See :py:attr:`waflib.Context.run_dir`"""

		self.launch_dir = Context.launch_dir
		"""See :py:attr:`waflib.Context.out_dir`; prefer :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.launch_node`"""

		self.post_mode = POST_LAZY
		"""Whether to post the task generators at once or group-by-group (default is group-by-group)"""

		self.cache_dir = kw.get('cache_dir')
		if not self.cache_dir:
			self.cache_dir = os.path.join(self.out_dir, CACHE_DIR)

		self.all_envs = {}
		"""Map names to :py:class:`waflib.ConfigSet.ConfigSet`, the empty string must map to the default environment"""

		# ======================================= #
		# cache variables

		self.node_sigs = {}
		"""Dict mapping build nodes to task identifier (uid), it indicates whether a task created a particular file (persists across builds)"""

		self.task_sigs = {}
		"""Dict mapping task identifiers (uid) to task signatures (persists across builds)"""

		self.imp_sigs = {}
		"""Dict mapping task identifiers (uid) to implicit task dependencies used for scanning targets (persists across builds)"""

		self.node_deps = {}
		"""Dict mapping task identifiers (uid) to node dependencies found by :py:meth:`waflib.Task.Task.scan` (persists across builds)"""

		self.raw_deps = {}
		"""Dict mapping task identifiers (uid) to custom data returned by :py:meth:`waflib.Task.Task.scan` (persists across builds)"""

		self.task_gen_cache_names = {}

		self.jobs = Options.options.jobs
		"""Amount of jobs to run in parallel"""

		self.targets = Options.options.targets
		"""List of targets to build (default: \\*)"""

		self.keep = Options.options.keep
		"""Whether the build should continue past errors"""

		self.progress_bar = Options.options.progress_bar
		"""
		Level of progress status:

		0. normal output
		1. progress bar
		2. IDE output
		3. No output at all
		"""

		# Manual dependencies.
		self.deps_man = Utils.defaultdict(list)
		"""Manual dependencies set by :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.add_manual_dependency`"""

		# just the structure here
		self.current_group = 0
		"""
		Current build group
		"""

		self.groups = []
		"""
		List containing lists of task generators
		"""

		self.group_names = {}
		"""
		Map group names to the group lists. See :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.add_group`
		"""

		for v in SAVED_ATTRS:
			if not hasattr(self, v):
				setattr(self, v, {})

	def get_variant_dir(self):
		"""Getter for the variant_dir attribute"""
		if not self.variant:
			return self.out_dir
		return os.path.join(self.out_dir, os.path.normpath(self.variant))
	variant_dir = property(get_variant_dir, None)

	def __call__(self, *k, **kw):
		"""
		Create a task generator and add it to the current build group. The following forms are equivalent::

			def build(bld):
				tg = bld(a=1, b=2)

			def build(bld):
				tg = bld()
				tg.a = 1
				tg.b = 2

			def build(bld):
				tg = TaskGen.task_gen(a=1, b=2)
				bld.add_to_group(tg, None)

		:param group: group name to add the task generator to
		:type group: string
		"""
		kw['bld'] = self
		ret = TaskGen.task_gen(*k, **kw)
		self.task_gen_cache_names = {} # reset the cache, each time
		self.add_to_group(ret, group=kw.get('group'))
		return ret

	def __copy__(self):
		"""
		Build contexts cannot be copied

		:raises: :py:class:`waflib.Errors.WafError`
		"""
		raise Errors.WafError('build contexts cannot be copied')

	def load_envs(self):
		"""
		The configuration command creates files of the form ``build/c4che/NAMEcache.py``. This method
		creates a :py:class:`waflib.ConfigSet.ConfigSet` instance for each ``NAME`` by reading those
		files and stores them in :py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.allenvs`.
		"""
		node = self.root.find_node(self.cache_dir)
		if not node:
			raise Errors.WafError('The project was not configured: run "waf configure" first!')
		lst = node.ant_glob('**/*%s' % CACHE_SUFFIX, quiet=True)

		if not lst:
			raise Errors.WafError('The cache directory is empty: reconfigure the project')

		for x in lst:
			name = x.path_from(node).replace(CACHE_SUFFIX, '').replace('\\', '/')
			env = ConfigSet.ConfigSet(x.abspath())
			self.all_envs[name] = env
			for f in env[CFG_FILES]:
				newnode = self.root.find_resource(f)
				if not newnode or not newnode.exists():
					raise Errors.WafError('Missing configuration file %r, reconfigure the project!' % f)

	def init_dirs(self):
		"""
		Initialize the project directory and the build directory by creating the nodes
		:py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.srcnode` and :py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.bldnode`
		corresponding to ``top_dir`` and ``variant_dir`` respectively. The ``bldnode`` directory is
		created if necessary.
		"""
		if not (os.path.isabs(self.top_dir) and os.path.isabs(self.out_dir)):
			raise Errors.WafError('The project was not configured: run "waf configure" first!')

		self.path = self.srcnode = self.root.find_dir(self.top_dir)
		self.bldnode = self.root.make_node(self.variant_dir)
		self.bldnode.mkdir()

	def execute(self):
		"""
		Restore data from previous builds and call :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.execute_build`.
		Overrides from :py:func:`waflib.Context.Context.execute`
		"""
		self.restore()
		if not self.all_envs:
			self.load_envs()
		self.execute_build()

	def execute_build(self):
		"""
		Execute the build by:

		* reading the scripts (see :py:meth:`waflib.Context.Context.recurse`)
		* calling :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.pre_build` to call user build functions
		* calling :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.compile` to process the tasks
		* calling :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.post_build` to call user build functions
		"""

		Logs.info("Waf: Entering directory `%s'", self.variant_dir)
		self.recurse([self.run_dir])
		self.pre_build()

		# display the time elapsed in the progress bar
		self.timer = Utils.Timer()

		try:
			self.compile()
		finally:
			if self.progress_bar == 1 and sys.stderr.isatty():
				c = self.producer.processed or 1
				m = self.progress_line(c, c, Logs.colors.BLUE, Logs.colors.NORMAL)
				Logs.info(m, extra={'stream': sys.stderr, 'c1': Logs.colors.cursor_off, 'c2' : Logs.colors.cursor_on})
			Logs.info("Waf: Leaving directory `%s'", self.variant_dir)
		try:
			self.producer.bld = None
			del self.producer
		except AttributeError:
			pass
		self.post_build()

	def restore(self):
		"""
		Load data from a previous run, sets the attributes listed in :py:const:`waflib.Build.SAVED_ATTRS`
		"""
		try:
			env = ConfigSet.ConfigSet(os.path.join(self.cache_dir, 'build.config.py'))
		except EnvironmentError:
			pass
		else:
			if env.version < Context.HEXVERSION:
				raise Errors.WafError('Project was configured with a different version of Waf, please reconfigure it')

			for t in env.tools:
				self.setup(**t)

		dbfn = os.path.join(self.variant_dir, Context.DBFILE)
		try:
			data = Utils.readf(dbfn, 'rb')
		except (EnvironmentError, EOFError):
			# handle missing file/empty file
			Logs.debug('build: Could not load the build cache %s (missing)', dbfn)
		else:
			try:
				Node.pickle_lock.acquire()
				Node.Nod3 = self.node_class
				try:
					data = cPickle.loads(data)
				except Exception as e:
					Logs.debug('build: Could not pickle the build cache %s: %r', dbfn, e)
				else:
					for x in SAVED_ATTRS:
						setattr(self, x, data.get(x, {}))
			finally:
				Node.pickle_lock.release()

		self.init_dirs()

	def store(self):
		"""
		Store data for next runs, set the attributes listed in :py:const:`waflib.Build.SAVED_ATTRS`. Uses a temporary
		file to avoid problems on ctrl+c.
		"""
		data = {}
		for x in SAVED_ATTRS:
			data[x] = getattr(self, x)
		db = os.path.join(self.variant_dir, Context.DBFILE)

		try:
			Node.pickle_lock.acquire()
			Node.Nod3 = self.node_class
			x = cPickle.dumps(data, PROTOCOL)
		finally:
			Node.pickle_lock.release()

		Utils.writef(db + '.tmp', x, m='wb')

		try:
			st = os.stat(db)
			os.remove(db)
			if not Utils.is_win32: # win32 has no chown but we're paranoid
				os.chown(db + '.tmp', st.st_uid, st.st_gid)
		except (AttributeError, OSError):
			pass

		# do not use shutil.move (copy is not thread-safe)
		os.rename(db + '.tmp', db)

	def compile(self):
		"""
		Run the build by creating an instance of :py:class:`waflib.Runner.Parallel`
		The cache file is written when at least a task was executed.

		:raises: :py:class:`waflib.Errors.BuildError` in case the build fails
		"""
		Logs.debug('build: compile()')

		# delegate the producer-consumer logic to another object to reduce the complexity
		self.producer = Runner.Parallel(self, self.jobs)
		self.producer.biter = self.get_build_iterator()
		try:
			self.producer.start()
		except KeyboardInterrupt:
			if self.is_dirty():
				self.store()
			raise
		else:
			if self.is_dirty():
				self.store()

		if self.producer.error:
			raise Errors.BuildError(self.producer.error)

	def is_dirty(self):
		return self.producer.dirty

	def setup(self, tool, tooldir=None, funs=None):
		"""
		Import waf tools defined during the configuration::

			def configure(conf):
				conf.load('glib2')

			def build(bld):
				pass # glib2 is imported implicitly

		:param tool: tool list
		:type tool: list
		:param tooldir: optional tool directory (sys.path)
		:type tooldir: list of string
		:param funs: unused variable
		"""
		if isinstance(tool, list):
			for i in tool:
				self.setup(i, tooldir)
			return

		module = Context.load_tool(tool, tooldir)
		if hasattr(module, "setup"):
			module.setup(self)

	def get_env(self):
		"""Getter for the env property"""
		try:
			return self.all_envs[self.variant]
		except KeyError:
			return self.all_envs['']
	def set_env(self, val):
		"""Setter for the env property"""
		self.all_envs[self.variant] = val

	env = property(get_env, set_env)

	def add_manual_dependency(self, path, value):
		"""
		Adds a dependency from a node object to a value::

			def build(bld):
				bld.add_manual_dependency(
					bld.path.find_resource('wscript'),
					bld.root.find_resource('/etc/fstab'))

		:param path: file path
		:type path: string or :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`
		:param value: value to depend
		:type value: :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`, byte object, or function returning a byte object
		"""
		if not path:
			raise ValueError('Invalid input path %r' % path)

		if isinstance(path, Node.Node):
			node = path
		elif os.path.isabs(path):
			node = self.root.find_resource(path)
		else:
			node = self.path.find_resource(path)
		if not node:
			raise ValueError('Could not find the path %r' % path)

		if isinstance(value, list):
			self.deps_man[node].extend(value)
		else:
			self.deps_man[node].append(value)

	def launch_node(self):
		"""Returns the launch directory as a :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node` object (cached)"""
		try:
			# private cache
			return self.p_ln
		except AttributeError:
			self.p_ln = self.root.find_dir(self.launch_dir)
			return self.p_ln

	def hash_env_vars(self, env, vars_lst):
		"""
		Hashes configuration set variables::

			def build(bld):
				bld.hash_env_vars(bld.env, ['CXX', 'CC'])

		This method uses an internal cache.

		:param env: Configuration Set
		:type env: :py:class:`waflib.ConfigSet.ConfigSet`
		:param vars_lst: list of variables
		:type vars_list: list of string
		"""

		if not env.table:
			env = env.parent
			if not env:
				return Utils.SIG_NIL

		idx = str(id(env)) + str(vars_lst)
		try:
			cache = self.cache_env
		except AttributeError:
			cache = self.cache_env = {}
		else:
			try:
				return self.cache_env[idx]
			except KeyError:
				pass

		lst = [env[a] for a in vars_lst]
		cache[idx] = ret = Utils.h_list(lst)
		Logs.debug('envhash: %s %r', Utils.to_hex(ret), lst)
		return ret

	def get_tgen_by_name(self, name):
		"""
		Fetches a task generator by its name or its target attribute;
		the name must be unique in a build::

			def build(bld):
				tg = bld(name='foo')
				tg == bld.get_tgen_by_name('foo')

		This method use a private internal cache.

		:param name: Task generator name
		:raises: :py:class:`waflib.Errors.WafError` in case there is no task genenerator by that name
		"""
		cache = self.task_gen_cache_names
		if not cache:
			# create the index lazily
			for g in self.groups:
				for tg in g:
					try:
						cache[tg.name] = tg
					except AttributeError:
						# raised if not a task generator, which should be uncommon
						pass
		try:
			return cache[name]
		except KeyError:
			raise Errors.WafError('Could not find a task generator for the name %r' % name)

	def progress_line(self, idx, total, col1, col2):
		"""
		Computes a progress bar line displayed when running ``waf -p``

		:returns: progress bar line
		:rtype: string
		"""
		if not sys.stderr.isatty():
			return ''

		n = len(str(total))

		Utils.rot_idx += 1
		ind = Utils.rot_chr[Utils.rot_idx % 4]

		pc = (100. * idx)/total
		fs = "[%%%dd/%%d][%%s%%2d%%%%%%s][%s][" % (n, ind)
		left = fs % (idx, total, col1, pc, col2)
		right = '][%s%s%s]' % (col1, self.timer, col2)

		cols = Logs.get_term_cols() - len(left) - len(right) + 2*len(col1) + 2*len(col2)
		if cols < 7:
			cols = 7

		ratio = ((cols * idx)//total) - 1

		bar = ('='*ratio+'>').ljust(cols)
		msg = Logs.indicator % (left, bar, right)

		return msg

	def declare_chain(self, *k, **kw):
		"""
		Wraps :py:func:`waflib.TaskGen.declare_chain` for convenience
		"""
		return TaskGen.declare_chain(*k, **kw)

	def pre_build(self):
		"""Executes user-defined methods before the build starts, see :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.add_pre_fun`"""
		for m in getattr(self, 'pre_funs', []):
			m(self)

	def post_build(self):
		"""Executes user-defined methods after the build is successful, see :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.add_post_fun`"""
		for m in getattr(self, 'post_funs', []):
			m(self)

	def add_pre_fun(self, meth):
		"""
		Binds a callback method to execute after the scripts are read and before the build starts::

			def mycallback(bld):
				print("Hello, world!")

			def build(bld):
				bld.add_pre_fun(mycallback)
		"""
		try:
			self.pre_funs.append(meth)
		except AttributeError:
			self.pre_funs = [meth]

	def add_post_fun(self, meth):
		"""
		Binds a callback method to execute immediately after the build is successful::

			def call_ldconfig(bld):
				bld.exec_command('/sbin/ldconfig')

			def build(bld):
				if bld.cmd == 'install':
					bld.add_pre_fun(call_ldconfig)
		"""
		try:
			self.post_funs.append(meth)
		except AttributeError:
			self.post_funs = [meth]

	def get_group(self, x):
		"""
		Returns the build group named `x`, or the current group if `x` is None

		:param x: name or number or None
		:type x: string, int or None
		"""
		if not self.groups:
			self.add_group()
		if x is None:
			return self.groups[self.current_group]
		if x in self.group_names:
			return self.group_names[x]
		return self.groups[x]

	def add_to_group(self, tgen, group=None):
		"""Adds a task or a task generator to the build; there is no attempt to remove it if it was already added."""
		assert(isinstance(tgen, TaskGen.task_gen) or isinstance(tgen, Task.Task))
		tgen.bld = self
		self.get_group(group).append(tgen)

	def get_group_name(self, g):
		"""
		Returns the name of the input build group

		:param g: build group object or build group index
		:type g: integer or list
		:return: name
		:rtype: string
		"""
		if not isinstance(g, list):
			g = self.groups[g]
		for x in self.group_names:
			if id(self.group_names[x]) == id(g):
				return x
		return ''

	def get_group_idx(self, tg):
		"""
		Returns the index of the group containing the task generator given as argument::

			def build(bld):
				tg = bld(name='nada')
				0 == bld.get_group_idx(tg)

		:param tg: Task generator object
		:type tg: :py:class:`waflib.TaskGen.task_gen`
		:rtype: int
		"""
		se = id(tg)
		for i, tmp in enumerate(self.groups):
			for t in tmp:
				if id(t) == se:
					return i
		return None

	def add_group(self, name=None, move=True):
		"""
		Adds a new group of tasks/task generators. By default the new group becomes
		the default group for new task generators (make sure to create build groups in order).

		:param name: name for this group
		:type name: string
		:param move: set this new group as default group (True by default)
		:type move: bool
		:raises: :py:class:`waflib.Errors.WafError` if a group by the name given already exists
		"""
		if name and name in self.group_names:
			raise Errors.WafError('add_group: name %s already present', name)
		g = []
		self.group_names[name] = g
		self.groups.append(g)
		if move:
			self.current_group = len(self.groups) - 1

	def set_group(self, idx):
		"""
		Sets the build group at position idx as current so that newly added
		task generators are added to this one by default::

			def build(bld):
				bld(rule='touch ${TGT}', target='foo.txt')
				bld.add_group() # now the current group is 1
				bld(rule='touch ${TGT}', target='bar.txt')
				bld.set_group(0) # now the current group is 0
				bld(rule='touch ${TGT}', target='truc.txt') # build truc.txt before bar.txt

		:param idx: group name or group index
		:type idx: string or int
		"""
		if isinstance(idx, str):
			g = self.group_names[idx]
			for i, tmp in enumerate(self.groups):
				if id(g) == id(tmp):
					self.current_group = i
					break
		else:
			self.current_group = idx

	def total(self):
		"""
		Approximate task count: this value may be inaccurate if task generators
		are posted lazily (see :py:attr:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.post_mode`).
		The value :py:attr:`waflib.Runner.Parallel.total` is updated during the task execution.

		:rtype: int
		"""
		total = 0
		for group in self.groups:
			for tg in group:
				try:
					total += len(tg.tasks)
				except AttributeError:
					total += 1
		return total

	def get_targets(self):
		"""
		This method returns a pair containing the index of the last build group to post,
		and the list of task generator objects corresponding to the target names.

		This is used internally by :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.get_build_iterator`
		to perform partial builds::

			$ waf --targets=myprogram,myshlib

		:return: the minimum build group index, and list of task generators
		:rtype: tuple
		"""
		to_post = []
		min_grp = 0
		for name in self.targets.split(','):
			tg = self.get_tgen_by_name(name)
			m = self.get_group_idx(tg)
			if m > min_grp:
				min_grp = m
				to_post = [tg]
			elif m == min_grp:
				to_post.append(tg)
		return (min_grp, to_post)

	def get_all_task_gen(self):
		"""
		Returns a list of all task generators for troubleshooting purposes.
		"""
		lst = []
		for g in self.groups:
			lst.extend(g)
		return lst

	def post_group(self):
		"""
		Post task generators from the group indexed by self.current_group; used internally
		by :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.get_build_iterator`
		"""
		def tgpost(tg):
			try:
				f = tg.post
			except AttributeError:
				pass
			else:
				f()

		if self.targets == '*':
			for tg in self.groups[self.current_group]:
				tgpost(tg)
		elif self.targets:
			if self.current_group < self._min_grp:
				for tg in self.groups[self.current_group]:
					tgpost(tg)
			else:
				for tg in self._exact_tg:
					tg.post()
		else:
			ln = self.launch_node()
			if ln.is_child_of(self.bldnode):
				Logs.warn('Building from the build directory, forcing --targets=*')
				ln = self.srcnode
			elif not ln.is_child_of(self.srcnode):
				Logs.warn('CWD %s is not under %s, forcing --targets=* (run distclean?)', ln.abspath(), self.srcnode.abspath())
				ln = self.srcnode

			def is_post(tg, ln):
				try:
					p = tg.path
				except AttributeError:
					pass
				else:
					if p.is_child_of(ln):
						return True

			def is_post_group():
				for i, g in enumerate(self.groups):
					if i > self.current_group:
						for tg in g:
							if is_post(tg, ln):
								return True

			if self.post_mode == POST_LAZY and ln != self.srcnode:
				# partial folder builds require all targets from a previous build group
				if is_post_group():
					ln = self.srcnode

			for tg in self.groups[self.current_group]:
				if is_post(tg, ln):
					tgpost(tg)

	def get_tasks_group(self, idx):
		"""
		Returns all task instances for the build group at position idx,
		used internally by :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.get_build_iterator`

		:rtype: list of :py:class:`waflib.Task.Task`
		"""
		tasks = []
		for tg in self.groups[idx]:
			try:
				tasks.extend(tg.tasks)
			except AttributeError: # not a task generator
				tasks.append(tg)
		return tasks

	def get_build_iterator(self):
		"""
		Creates a Python generator object that returns lists of tasks that may be processed in parallel.

		:return: tasks which can be executed immediately
		:rtype: generator returning lists of :py:class:`waflib.Task.Task`
		"""
		if self.targets and self.targets != '*':
			(self._min_grp, self._exact_tg) = self.get_targets()

		if self.post_mode != POST_LAZY:
			for self.current_group, _ in enumerate(self.groups):
				self.post_group()

		for self.current_group, _ in enumerate(self.groups):
			# first post the task generators for the group
			if self.post_mode != POST_AT_ONCE:
				self.post_group()

			# then extract the tasks
			tasks = self.get_tasks_group(self.current_group)

			# if the constraints are set properly (ext_in/ext_out, before/after)
			# the call to set_file_constraints may be removed (can be a 15% penalty on no-op rebuilds)
			# (but leave set_file_constraints for the installation step)
			#
			# if the tasks have only files, set_file_constraints is required but set_precedence_constraints is not necessary
			#
			Task.set_file_constraints(tasks)
			Task.set_precedence_constraints(tasks)

			self.cur_tasks = tasks
			if tasks:
				yield tasks

		while 1:
			# the build stops once there are no tasks to process
			yield []

	def install_files(self, dest, files, **kw):
		"""
		Creates a task generator to install files on the system::

			def build(bld):
				bld.install_files('${DATADIR}', self.path.find_resource('wscript'))

		:param dest: path representing the destination directory
		:type dest: :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node` or string (absolute path)
		:param files: input files
		:type files: list of strings or list of :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`
		:param env: configuration set to expand *dest*
		:type env: :py:class:`waflib.ConfigSet.ConfigSet`
		:param relative_trick: preserve the folder hierarchy when installing whole folders
		:type relative_trick: bool
		:param cwd: parent node for searching srcfile, when srcfile is not an instance of :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`
		:type cwd: :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`
		:param postpone: execute the task immediately to perform the installation (False by default)
		:type postpone: bool
		"""
		assert(dest)
		tg = self(features='install_task', install_to=dest, install_from=files, **kw)
		tg.dest = tg.install_to
		tg.type = 'install_files'
		if not kw.get('postpone', True):
			tg.post()
		return tg

	def install_as(self, dest, srcfile, **kw):
		"""
		Creates a task generator to install a file on the system with a different name::

			def build(bld):
				bld.install_as('${PREFIX}/bin', 'myapp', chmod=Utils.O755)

		:param dest: destination file
		:type dest: :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node` or string (absolute path)
		:param srcfile: input file
		:type srcfile: string or :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`
		:param cwd: parent node for searching srcfile, when srcfile is not an instance of :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`
		:type cwd: :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node`
		:param env: configuration set for performing substitutions in dest
		:type env: :py:class:`waflib.ConfigSet.ConfigSet`
		:param postpone: execute the task immediately to perform the installation (False by default)
		:type postpone: bool
		"""
		assert(dest)
		tg = self(features='install_task', install_to=dest, install_from=srcfile, **kw)
		tg.dest = tg.install_to
		tg.type = 'install_as'
		if not kw.get('postpone', True):
			tg.post()
		return tg

	def symlink_as(self, dest, src, **kw):
		"""
		Creates a task generator to install a symlink::

			def build(bld):
				bld.symlink_as('${PREFIX}/lib/libfoo.so', 'libfoo.so.1.2.3')

		:param dest: absolute path of the symlink
		:type dest: :py:class:`waflib.Node.Node` or string (absolute path)
		:param src: link contents, which is a relative or absolute path which may exist or not
		:type src: string
		:param env: configuration set for performing substitutions in dest
		:type env: :py:class:`waflib.ConfigSet.ConfigSet`
		:param add: add the task created to a build group - set ``False`` only if the installation task is created after the build has started
		:type add: bool
		:param postpone: execute the task immediately to perform the installation
		:type postpone: bool
		:param relative_trick: make the symlink relative (default: ``False``)
		:type relative_trick: bool
		"""
		assert(dest)
		tg = self(features='install_task', install_to=dest, install_from=src, **kw)
		tg.dest = tg.install_to
		tg.type = 'symlink_as'
		tg.link = src
		# TODO if add: self.add_to_group(tsk)
		if not kw.get('postpone', True):
			tg.post()
		return tg

@TaskGen.feature('install_task')
@TaskGen.before_method('process_rule', 'process_source')
def process_install_task(self):
	"""Creates the installation task for the current task generator; uses :py:func:`waflib.Build.add_install_task` internally."""
	self.add_install_task(**self.__dict__)

@TaskGen.taskgen_method
def add_install_task(self, **kw):
	"""
	Creates the installation task for the current task generator, and executes it immediately if necessary

	:returns: An installation task
	:rtype: :py:class:`waflib.Build.inst`
	"""
	if not self.bld.is_install:
		return
	if not kw['install_to']:
		return

	if kw['type'] == 'symlink_as' and Utils.is_win32:
		if kw.get('win32_install'):
			kw['type'] = 'install_as'
		else:
			# just exit
			return

	tsk = self.install_task = self.create_task('inst')
	tsk.chmod = kw.get('chmod', Utils.O644)
	tsk.link = kw.get('link', '') or kw.get('install_from', '')
	tsk.relative_trick = kw.get('relative_trick', False)
	tsk.type = kw['type']
	tsk.install_to = tsk.dest = kw['install_to']
	tsk.install_from = kw['install_from']
	tsk.relative_base = kw.get('cwd') or kw.get('relative_base', self.path)
	tsk.install_user = kw.get('install_user')
	tsk.install_group = kw.get('install_group')
	tsk.init_files()
	if not kw.get('postpone', True):
		tsk.run_now()
	return tsk

@TaskGen.taskgen_method
def add_install_files(self, **kw):
	"""
	Creates an installation task for files

	:returns: An installation task
	:rtype: :py:class:`waflib.Build.inst`
	"""
	kw['type'] = 'install_files'
	return self.add_install_task(**kw)

@TaskGen.taskgen_method
def add_install_as(self, **kw):
	"""
	Creates an installation task for a single file

	:returns: An installation task
	:rtype: :py:class:`waflib.Build.inst`
	"""
	kw['type'] = 'install_as'
	return self.add_install_task(**kw)

@TaskGen.taskgen_method
def add_symlink_as(self, **kw):
	"""
	Creates an installation task for a symbolic link

	:returns: An installation task
	:rtype: :py:class:`waflib.Build.inst`
	"""
	kw['type'] = 'symlink_as'
	return self.add_install_task(**kw)

class inst(Task.Task):
	"""Task that installs files or symlinks; it is typically executed by :py:class:`waflib.Build.InstallContext` and :py:class:`waflib.Build.UnInstallContext`"""
	def __str__(self):
		"""Returns an empty string to disable the standard task display"""
		return ''

	def uid(self):
		"""Returns a unique identifier for the task"""
		lst = self.inputs + self.outputs + [self.link, self.generator.path.abspath()]
		return Utils.h_list(lst)

	def init_files(self):
		"""
		Initializes the task input and output nodes
		"""
		if self.type == 'symlink_as':
			inputs = []
		else:
			inputs = self.generator.to_nodes(self.install_from)
			if self.type == 'install_as':
				assert len(inputs) == 1
		self.set_inputs(inputs)

		dest = self.get_install_path()
		outputs = []
		if self.type == 'symlink_as':
			if self.relative_trick:
				self.link = os.path.relpath(self.link, os.path.dirname(dest))
			outputs.append(self.generator.bld.root.make_node(dest))
		elif self.type == 'install_as':
			outputs.append(self.generator.bld.root.make_node(dest))
		else:
			for y in inputs:
				if self.relative_trick:
					destfile = os.path.join(dest, y.path_from(self.relative_base))
				else:
					destfile = os.path.join(dest, y.name)
				outputs.append(self.generator.bld.root.make_node(destfile))
		self.set_outputs(outputs)

	def runnable_status(self):
		"""
		Installation tasks are always executed, so this method returns either :py:const:`waflib.Task.ASK_LATER` or :py:const:`waflib.Task.RUN_ME`.
		"""
		ret = super(inst, self).runnable_status()
		if ret == Task.SKIP_ME and self.generator.bld.is_install:
			return Task.RUN_ME
		return ret

	def post_run(self):
		"""
		Disables any post-run operations
		"""
		pass

	def get_install_path(self, destdir=True):
		"""
		Returns the destination path where files will be installed, pre-pending `destdir`.

		Relative paths will be interpreted relative to `PREFIX` if no `destdir` is given.

		:rtype: string
		"""
		if isinstance(self.install_to, Node.Node):
			dest = self.install_to.abspath()
		else:
			dest = os.path.normpath(Utils.subst_vars(self.install_to, self.env))
		if not os.path.isabs(dest):
		    dest = os.path.join(self.env.PREFIX, dest)
		if destdir and Options.options.destdir:
			dest = os.path.join(Options.options.destdir, os.path.splitdrive(dest)[1].lstrip(os.sep))
		return dest

	def copy_fun(self, src, tgt):
		"""
		Copies a file from src to tgt, preserving permissions and trying to work
		around path limitations on Windows platforms. On Unix-like platforms,
		the owner/group of the target file may be set through install_user/install_group

		:param src: absolute path
		:type src: string
		:param tgt: absolute path
		:type tgt: string
		"""
		# override this if you want to strip executables
		# kw['tsk'].source is the task that created the files in the build
		if Utils.is_win32 and len(tgt) > 259 and not tgt.startswith('\\\\?\\'):
			tgt = '\\\\?\\' + tgt
		shutil.copy2(src, tgt)
		self.fix_perms(tgt)

	def rm_empty_dirs(self, tgt):
		"""
		Removes empty folders recursively when uninstalling.

		:param tgt: absolute path
		:type tgt: string
		"""
		while tgt:
			tgt = os.path.dirname(tgt)
			try:
				os.rmdir(tgt)
			except OSError:
				break

	def run(self):
		"""
		Performs file or symlink installation
		"""
		is_install = self.generator.bld.is_install
		if not is_install: # unnecessary?
			return

		for x in self.outputs:
			if is_install == INSTALL:
				x.parent.mkdir()
		if self.type == 'symlink_as':
			fun = is_install == INSTALL and self.do_link or self.do_unlink
			fun(self.link, self.outputs[0].abspath())
		else:
			fun = is_install == INSTALL and self.do_install or self.do_uninstall
			launch_node = self.generator.bld.launch_node()
			for x, y in zip(self.inputs, self.outputs):
				fun(x.abspath(), y.abspath(), x.path_from(launch_node))

	def run_now(self):
		"""
		Try executing the installation task right now

		:raises: :py:class:`waflib.Errors.TaskNotReady`
		"""
		status = self.runnable_status()
		if status not in (Task.RUN_ME, Task.SKIP_ME):
			raise Errors.TaskNotReady('Could not process %r: status %r' % (self, status))
		self.run()
		self.hasrun = Task.SUCCESS

	def do_install(self, src, tgt, lbl, **kw):
		"""
		Copies a file from src to tgt with given file permissions. The actual copy is only performed
		if the source and target file sizes or timestamps differ. When the copy occurs,
		the file is always first removed and then copied so as to prevent stale inodes.

		:param src: file name as absolute path
		:type src: string
		:param tgt: file destination, as absolute path
		:type tgt: string
		:param lbl: file source description
		:type lbl: string
		:param chmod: installation mode
		:type chmod: int
		:raises: :py:class:`waflib.Errors.WafError` if the file cannot be written
		"""
		if not Options.options.force:
			# check if the file is already there to avoid a copy
			try:
				st1 = os.stat(tgt)
				st2 = os.stat(src)
			except OSError:
				pass
			else:
				# same size and identical timestamps -> make no copy
				if st1.st_mtime + 2 >= st2.st_mtime and st1.st_size == st2.st_size:
					if not self.generator.bld.progress_bar:
						Logs.info('- install %s (from %s)', tgt, lbl)
					return False

		if not self.generator.bld.progress_bar:
			Logs.info('+ install %s (from %s)', tgt, lbl)

		# Give best attempt at making destination overwritable,
		# like the 'install' utility used by 'make install' does.
		try:
			os.chmod(tgt, Utils.O644 | stat.S_IMODE(os.stat(tgt).st_mode))
		except EnvironmentError:
			pass

		# following is for shared libs and stale inodes (-_-)
		try:
			os.remove(tgt)
		except OSError:
			pass

		try:
			self.copy_fun(src, tgt)
		except EnvironmentError as e:
			if not os.path.exists(src):
				Logs.error('File %r does not exist', src)
			elif not os.path.isfile(src):
				Logs.error('Input %r is not a file', src)
			raise Errors.WafError('Could not install the file %r' % tgt, e)

	def fix_perms(self, tgt):
		"""
		Change the ownership of the file/folder/link pointed by the given path
		This looks up for `install_user` or `install_group` attributes
		on the task or on the task generator::

			def build(bld):
				bld.install_as('${PREFIX}/wscript',
					'wscript',
					install_user='nobody', install_group='nogroup')
				bld.symlink_as('${PREFIX}/wscript_link',
					Utils.subst_vars('${PREFIX}/wscript', bld.env),
					install_user='nobody', install_group='nogroup')
		"""
		if not Utils.is_win32:
			user = getattr(self, 'install_user', None) or getattr(self.generator, 'install_user', None)
			group = getattr(self, 'install_group', None) or getattr(self.generator, 'install_group', None)
			if user or group:
				Utils.lchown(tgt, user or -1, group or -1)
		if not os.path.islink(tgt):
			os.chmod(tgt, self.chmod)

	def do_link(self, src, tgt, **kw):
		"""
		Creates a symlink from tgt to src.

		:param src: file name as absolute path
		:type src: string
		:param tgt: file destination, as absolute path
		:type tgt: string
		"""
		if os.path.islink(tgt) and os.readlink(tgt) == src:
			if not self.generator.bld.progress_bar:
				Logs.info('- symlink %s (to %s)', tgt, src)
		else:
			try:
				os.remove(tgt)
			except OSError:
				pass
			if not self.generator.bld.progress_bar:
				Logs.info('+ symlink %s (to %s)', tgt, src)
			os.symlink(src, tgt)
			self.fix_perms(tgt)

	def do_uninstall(self, src, tgt, lbl, **kw):
		"""
		See :py:meth:`waflib.Build.inst.do_install`
		"""
		if not self.generator.bld.progress_bar:
			Logs.info('- remove %s', tgt)

		#self.uninstall.append(tgt)
		try:
			os.remove(tgt)
		except OSError as e:
			if e.errno != errno.ENOENT:
				if not getattr(self, 'uninstall_error', None):
					self.uninstall_error = True
					Logs.warn('build: some files could not be uninstalled (retry with -vv to list them)')
				if Logs.verbose > 1:
					Logs.warn('Could not remove %s (error code %r)', e.filename, e.errno)
		self.rm_empty_dirs(tgt)

	def do_unlink(self, src, tgt, **kw):
		"""
		See :py:meth:`waflib.Build.inst.do_link`
		"""
		try:
			if not self.generator.bld.progress_bar:
				Logs.info('- remove %s', tgt)
			os.remove(tgt)
		except OSError:
			pass
		self.rm_empty_dirs(tgt)

class InstallContext(BuildContext):
	'''installs the targets on the system'''
	cmd = 'install'

	def __init__(self, **kw):
		super(InstallContext, self).__init__(**kw)
		self.is_install = INSTALL

class UninstallContext(InstallContext):
	'''removes the targets installed'''
	cmd = 'uninstall'

	def __init__(self, **kw):
		super(UninstallContext, self).__init__(**kw)
		self.is_install = UNINSTALL

class CleanContext(BuildContext):
	'''cleans the project'''
	cmd = 'clean'
	def execute(self):
		"""
		See :py:func:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.execute`.
		"""
		self.restore()
		if not self.all_envs:
			self.load_envs()

		self.recurse([self.run_dir])
		try:
			self.clean()
		finally:
			self.store()

	def clean(self):
		"""
		Remove most files from the build directory, and reset all caches.

		Custom lists of files to clean can be declared as `bld.clean_files`.
		For example, exclude `build/program/myprogram` from getting removed::

			def build(bld):
				bld.clean_files = bld.bldnode.ant_glob('**',
					excl='.lock* config.log c4che/* config.h program/myprogram',
					quiet=True, generator=True)
		"""
		Logs.debug('build: clean called')

		if hasattr(self, 'clean_files'):
			for n in self.clean_files:
				n.delete()
		elif self.bldnode != self.srcnode:
			# would lead to a disaster if top == out
			lst = []
			for env in self.all_envs.values():
				lst.extend(self.root.find_or_declare(f) for f in env[CFG_FILES])
			excluded_dirs = '.lock* *conf_check_*/** config.log %s/*' % CACHE_DIR
			for n in self.bldnode.ant_glob('**/*', excl=excluded_dirs, quiet=True):
				if n in lst:
					continue
				n.delete()
		self.root.children = {}

		for v in SAVED_ATTRS:
			if v == 'root':
				continue
			setattr(self, v, {})

class ListContext(BuildContext):
	'''lists the targets to execute'''
	cmd = 'list'

	def execute(self):
		"""
		In addition to printing the name of each build target,
		a description column will include text for each task
		generator which has a "description" field set.

		See :py:func:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.execute`.
		"""
		self.restore()
		if not self.all_envs:
			self.load_envs()

		self.recurse([self.run_dir])
		self.pre_build()

		# display the time elapsed in the progress bar
		self.timer = Utils.Timer()

		for g in self.groups:
			for tg in g:
				try:
					f = tg.post
				except AttributeError:
					pass
				else:
					f()

		try:
			# force the cache initialization
			self.get_tgen_by_name('')
		except Errors.WafError:
			pass

		targets = sorted(self.task_gen_cache_names)

		# figure out how much to left-justify, for largest target name
		line_just = max(len(t) for t in targets) if targets else 0

		for target in targets:
			tgen = self.task_gen_cache_names[target]

			# Support displaying the description for the target
			# if it was set on the tgen
			descript = getattr(tgen, 'description', '')
			if descript:
				target = target.ljust(line_just)
				descript = ': %s' % descript

			Logs.pprint('GREEN', target, label=descript)

class StepContext(BuildContext):
	'''executes tasks in a step-by-step fashion, for debugging'''
	cmd = 'step'

	def __init__(self, **kw):
		super(StepContext, self).__init__(**kw)
		self.files = Options.options.files

	def compile(self):
		"""
		Overrides :py:meth:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.compile` to perform a partial build
		on tasks matching the input/output pattern given (regular expression matching)::

			$ waf step --files=foo.c,bar.c,in:truc.c,out:bar.o
			$ waf step --files=in:foo.cpp.1.o # link task only

		"""
		if not self.files:
			Logs.warn('Add a pattern for the debug build, for example "waf step --files=main.c,app"')
			BuildContext.compile(self)
			return

		targets = []
		if self.targets and self.targets != '*':
			targets = self.targets.split(',')

		for g in self.groups:
			for tg in g:
				if targets and tg.name not in targets:
					continue

				try:
					f = tg.post
				except AttributeError:
					pass
				else:
					f()

			for pat in self.files.split(','):
				matcher = self.get_matcher(pat)
				for tg in g:
					if isinstance(tg, Task.Task):
						lst = [tg]
					else:
						lst = tg.tasks
					for tsk in lst:
						do_exec = False
						for node in tsk.inputs:
							if matcher(node, output=False):
								do_exec = True
								break
						for node in tsk.outputs:
							if matcher(node, output=True):
								do_exec = True
								break
						if do_exec:
							ret = tsk.run()
							Logs.info('%s -> exit %r', tsk, ret)

	def get_matcher(self, pat):
		"""
		Converts a step pattern into a function

		:param: pat: pattern of the form in:truc.c,out:bar.o
		:returns: Python function that uses Node objects as inputs and returns matches
		:rtype: function
		"""
		# this returns a function
		inn = True
		out = True
		if pat.startswith('in:'):
			out = False
			pat = pat.replace('in:', '')
		elif pat.startswith('out:'):
			inn = False
			pat = pat.replace('out:', '')

		anode = self.root.find_node(pat)
		pattern = None
		if not anode:
			if not pat.startswith('^'):
				pat = '^.+?%s' % pat
			if not pat.endswith('$'):
				pat = '%s$' % pat
			pattern = re.compile(pat)

		def match(node, output):
			if output and not out:
				return False
			if not output and not inn:
				return False

			if anode:
				return anode == node
			else:
				return pattern.match(node.abspath())
		return match

class EnvContext(BuildContext):
	"""Subclass EnvContext to create commands that require configuration data in 'env'"""
	fun = cmd = None
	def execute(self):
		"""
		See :py:func:`waflib.Build.BuildContext.execute`.
		"""
		self.restore()
		if not self.all_envs:
			self.load_envs()
		self.recurse([self.run_dir])